by Ed Dade
Posted on July 18, 2019
Neighbourhood Plans provide a bespoke planning framework for the local area. There is no set formula for a Neighbourhood Plan so no two plans are alike - although many have similar characteristics and address common themes.
This post provides a quick review of Neighbourhood Plans which successfully passed referendum in June 2019 to highlight the policies which make each plan locally specific and unique.
Aylsham is a historic market town and rural parish in Norfolk. The Aylsham Neighbourhood Plan (ANP) addresses a broad range of themes, but the following elements leap out as particularly innovative:
The ANP encourages new developments to create 'dementia friendly communities', ensuring the most vulnerable members of the community are not left behind.
Flood risk and drainage is carefully managed through a detailed policy. Notably the policy requires developers to carry out a Flood Risk Assessment for all new developments - including extensions and areas of hard standing.
The ANP requires new street lighting to be low energy and minimise light pollution, thereby reducing energy use and supporting dark skies and nature conservation.
Bradwell with Pattiswick is located in Braintree district. The Bradwell with Pattiswick Neighbourhood Plan (BPNP) includes an extensive action plan setting out how a host of community objectives will be delivered and monitored by the district & county councils, parish council and local volunteers. The BPNP shows how Neighbourhood Plans can bring about other community benefits, beyond dealing with planning applications.
The Chalfont St Giles Neighbourhood Plan (CsGNP), in Chiltern district, makes numerous Local Green Space designations to protect important open spaces from development. The CsGNP shows there is no 'right' number of LGS's, but rather depends on the quality and significance of the spaces in the area.
The CsGNP splits the Neighbourhood Area up into Character Zones, requiring development proposals to be designed to directly respond to these differences in the built environment.
Tur Langton is a rural parish located in Leicestershire (Harborough District). In addition to designating Local Green Spaces, the Tur Langton Neighbourhood Plan (TLNP) provides protection for important trees, woodlands, hedgerows, and 'ridge-and-furrow' fields.
The TLNP's windfall policy protects the village's built form by restricting backland and tandem developments and limits the development of gardens.
Warnham is located in Horsham district. The Warnham Neighbourhood Plan allocates a site for the development of 50-60 dwellings. The site was selected site using a combination of existing evidence (the District Council's SHELAA report), and by searching for available sites in the area by undertaking a call for sites exercise.
The WNP ensures that new development will meet people's changing needs over time by requiring 25% of new homes to meet the Lifetimes Homes standard.
The Stowupland Neighbourhood Plan (SNP) (mid-Suffolk) makes multiple site allocations, with the area anticipated to deliver 331 dwellings over the course of the plan period.
The SNP's biodiversity policy seeks to strengthen not only the green features of the environment, but also blue infrastructure, i.e. the ponds, streams water courses and other features of the water environment which support the area's ecology.
The SNP supports well-designed new developments by encouraging new developments to meet the Building for Life 12 design standard.
The SNP also sets out the parish council's governance process for managing its share of Community Infrastructure Levy funds raised from new development in the area. This provides a transparent, open approach to the delivery of local infrastructure.
Ellistown and Batteflat is a rural parish facing strategic-scale growth, with more than a thousand new homes likely to be delivered in the Neighbourhood Area as part of a wider strategic development of south-east Coalville.
This major development is allocated by strategic policies for the area. However the Ellistown and Battleflat Neighbourhood Plan (EBNP) includes a policy to ensure the development is well-designed and integrated with the parish.
The EBNP celebrates the areas industrial heritage, as a location of a former brickworks and quarry, and continues to promote the area as a centre for employment through a number of employment policies.
Rye is a unique ancient town positioned on and around a rocky sandstone outcrop in east Sussex. The Rye Neighbourhood Plan (RNP) makes several site allocations, delivering 160 dwellings over the plan period, with some sites providing a portion of self-build plots. The RNP supports developments of smaller houses to help young people 'get on the ladder' and enable older people to downsize.
The RNP's design policy addresses both aesthetics and function, requiring developments to conserve the historic character of the area, as set out in a character assessment; and seeks to 'design-out' crime through the Secure by Design standard.
Roade is a historic, rural village and parish in South Northamptonshire, which is expected to deliver in excess of 400 new homes. The Roade Neighbourhood Plan (RdNP) deals with this new housing by setting criteria which new developments must satisfy to ensure the development is well-designed.
In addition to conserving the conservation area and listed buildings, the RdNP identifies and provides protection for non-designated heritage assets.
Find more Neighbourhood Plans on the Interactive Map.